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Vicas Directory > Regional > Asia > India > State: Sikkim:-


       Sikkim is a State in the north eastern part of India. Sikkim is a small hilly state, bounded by vast stretches of Tibetan Plateau in the North, the Chumbi Valley of Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan in the East, the Kingdom of Nepal in the West, and Darjeeling (West Bengal) in the South. The State has a total area of 7,096 sq km, and is stretched over 112 km from North to South, and 64 km from East to West. It lies in the North-Eastern Himalayas between 27 degree 00’46’’ to 28 degree 07’48’’ North Latitude, and 88 degree 00’58’’ to 88 degree 55’25’’ East Longitude.

The world’s third highest mountain, Kanchenjunga, regarded as the guardian deity of Sikkim, dominates the tiny Himalayan State with its awe-inspiring beauty and majesty. Sikkim is one of the 18 bio diversity hotspots in the world. The Sikkim Himalayas show tremendous biological diversity. More than 5000 species of angiosperms are found in the State, which is nearly one third of the total species of angiosperm found in the country. There are 4,000 species of flowering plants, 300 species of ferns and allies, 450 to 500 species of orchids, 36 species of Rhododendrons, 40 species of oaks, 30 to 40 species of Primulas and bamboos, 144 species of mammals, 500 to 600 species of birds, over 400 species of butterflies and moths, and many species of reptiles in the State. Rare Blue Sheep, Tibetan Mastiff, Yaks and Red Pandas are found here.

This State has Gangtok as its Capital. This State has a Population of 540,851 as per 2001 census and is divided into 4 Districts. There are 9 Towns, 8 Panchayat Blocks, and 156 Panchayat Villages in this State as per 2001 census figures.

Roads: Gangtok is connected by roads with Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Siliguri, and also with all the district headquarters within Sikkim. The total road length of the state is 2,383 km, including 41 km of National Highway.

Railways and Aviation:
The closest railway stations are Siliguri (113) and New Jalpaiguri (125 km) connecting Kolkata, Delhi, Guwahati, Lucknow and other important cities. 

There is no airport in Sikkim, although there is a helicopter service between Gangtok and Bagdogra.

Sikkim is famous for its lush green vegetation, forest, scenic valleys and majestic mountains, and a range of rich and magnificent cultural heritage and peace loving people, which provide a safe haven for tourists. The State Government supports eco-friendly and pilgrim tourism and accordingly, has provided facilities to enable visitors to enjoy a first-hand experience of the rich heritage and lifestyle of Sikkim. Recognising the potential of adventure tourism, the State government is setting up a Himalayan Centre for Adventure Tourism at Chemchey Village in South Sikkim.

The premier monastery of Sikkim is Pemayantshe in Pelling. Apart from this, there is Tashiding Monastery in West Sikkim, which is considered the holiest of all the monasteries in Sikkim. The most ancient monastery of Sikkim is in Yuksom, called the Drubdi monastery. It was the personal hermitage of Lhatsun Chenpo (Patron Saint of Sikkim), and was possibly built in 1700 AD. Some of the other monasteries are Phodong, Phensang, Rumtek, Ngadak, Tolung, Ahlay, Tsuklakhand, Ralong, Lachen, Enchey and others. Of the Hindu temples, the best known is the Thakurbari, in the heart of Gangtok. There is also a holy cave in South district, which has a Shiva Lingam that irradiates the cave where no other light finds its way. There are some important Gurdwaras and Mosques, chief among them being in Gangtok and Ravangla.



Vicas Directory > Regional > Asia > India > State: Sikkim > Districts:-


1. East Sikkim District
2. North Sikkim District
3. South Sikkim District
4. West Sikkim District

Vicas Directory > Regional > Asia > India > State: sikkim > Cities & Towns:-


1. Gangtok, Population: 29,354.
2. Upper Tadong, Population: 14,357
3. Singtam, Population: 5,432.
4. Rangpo, Population: 3,709.
5. Jorethang, Population: 2,967
6. Mangan, Population: 1,248
7. Nayabazar, Population: 996.
8. Namchi, Population: 979.
9. Gyalshing, Population: 828



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